Thai Parliament convenes for vote likely to keep Prayuth PM

Thailand's Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha smiles after his speech for the opening ceremony of Anti-Human Trafficking Day in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. Prayuth Chan-ocha, who took power in a military coup five years ago, appears set to win a parliamentary vote scheduled for Wednesday that would give him a second term in office. (AP Photo/Sakchai Lalit)
Members of the anti-military political parties raise their hands approving the nomination of Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit, leader of Future Forward Party as a nominee for prime minister during a working session at the parliament in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)
Thailand's Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-o-cha wave to media before leaving government house in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. Thailand's Parliament has convened for a vote that is expected to keep Prayuth Chan-ocha as prime minister five years after he seized power by a military coup. (AP Photo/Sakchai Lalit)
Members of the Senate, appointed by the Thai junta that seized power in 2014, gather to cast their votes to choose a new prime minister during a session of lawmakers in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)
Secretary-general of Future Forward Party, Piyabutr Saengkanokkul, left gestures as Pannika Wanich raises her hand during a parliamentary session to vote for the next Thai Prime Minister in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)
Senator Thai army chief Gen. Apirat Kongsompong participates in a session to choose a new prime minister in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)
Former leader of Thailand's Democratic Party Abhisit Vejjajiva arrives to participate in the session in the parliament in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. Thailand's Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, who took power in a military coup five years ago, appears set to win a parliamentary vote scheduled for Wednesday that would give him a second term in office.(AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)
Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit, leader of Future Forward Party, speaks to journalists as Thai lawmakers gather in the same building to vote for a new of Prime Minister in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, June 5, 2019. The alliance of seven anti-military parties announced Tuesday that it would nominate the firebrand leader of the Future Forward Party as its candidate for prime minister. (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)

BANGKOK — Thailand's Parliament convened Wednesday for a vote that is expected to keep Prayuth Chan-ocha as prime minister five years after he seized power in a military coup.

Prayuth was nominated by the military-backed Palang Pracharath party and faces a single opponent representing a coalition of anti-military parties, Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit of the Future Forward party.

An open-ended debate, with the two sides touting the merits of their candidate and the weaknesses of their opponent, pushed the vote late into the night.

House Speaker Chuan Leekpai finally announced the debate closed shortly after 9:30 p.m., prompting a small flurry of objections and procedural points from the floor.

It was a novelty for Thais to see such parliamentary battling after five years of army rule in which there was only a tame rubberstamp assembly.

After a quick head count of those attending, voting began shortly before 10 p.m. and was expected to take at least two hours, as each lawmaker was called one by one to state his or her preference.

While the formation of a government will finally return Thailand officially to civilian rule, it will be done under a new political system enacted by the junta Prayuth leads and its appointees. It is a system that critics say is meant to prolong rule by the military and its allies in the conservative establishment, rather than reflect the will of everyday Thais.

Palang Pracharath, which nominated Prayuth, won the second-highest number of seats in the House of Representatives in the March general election. But Prayuth is virtually assured of remaining in office because the prime minister is chosen jointly by the 500-seat House and the 250-seat Senate, whose members were appointed by the junta and include members of the military.

Palang Pracharath holds 116 House seats as well as pledges from lawmakers from smaller parties.

Prayuth did not run for a seat, and the constitution enacted under the junta does not require the prime minister to come from Parliament. Laws passed under his government handicapped established political parties, raising concerns of fairness in the election.

Palang Pracharath member of Parliament Koranis Ngamsukonrattana praised Prayuth for his character and his vision.

"He's patient and sacrificed himself so much for the country," he said during the debate. "He's the savior who came in and saved the country when all hope was lost."

Thanathorn's partisans attacked Prayuth as a destroyer of democracy.

Prayuth's bid for power received a major boost late Tuesday, when the Democrat Party — the country's oldest — said it would join the coalition government he aims to lead. The decision led Democrat former Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva to resign from Parliament. He had promised during the election campaign to not support Prayuth's bid to continue as prime minister.

The Democrats' support also aided the chances of Palang Pracharath holding a majority in the lower house, which is necessary to pass legislation and approve budgets.

The Democrats and the Bhumjai Thai party, the fourth- and fifth-place finishers in March, together hold more than 100 House seats, and reportedly had been bargaining hard with Palang Pracharath over Cabinet positions in a coalition government.

The Palang Pracharath coalition is opposed by the "Democratic Front," comprising seven anti-military parties led by Pheu Thai, which headed the government ousted in the 2014 coup and won the most House seats in March.

The coalition announced Tuesday that it was supporting Thanathorn, the charismatic young leader of the Future Forward party, as its nominee for prime minister.

Future Forward's strong election performance drew a raft of legal challenges from the military's supporters, and Thanathorn himself has been suspended from Parliament until the Constitutional Court decides whether he violated election law by allegedly holding shares in a media company.

Neither candidate was present for Wednesday's debate. Prayuth attended to official government business, while Thanathorn, due to his suspension, addressed reporters in the Parliament building but outside the assembly hall to give his vision of the kind of country he would like to see.

"If you want Thailand to belong to a certain group of people who have the right to decide the life or death fate of others by the whims of their own desires without having to adhere to any principles of justice, then you do not need to hear what I have to say," he said.

"But if you want to see Thailand belong to everyone and become a society where you can puff out your chest and say Thai society respects everyone's rights, a country which has plans and is filled with opportunity and creative ideas, then you and I think similarly, and we have similar dreams," he said.

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